This geographic information system (GIS) data layer shows the generalized lithologic and geochemical (termed lithogeochemical) character of near-surface bedrock in the New England Coastal Basins (NECB) study area of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Water Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program. The area encompasses 23,000 square miles in western and central Maine, eastern Massachusetts, most of Rhode Island, eastern New Hampshire and a small part of eastern Connecticut. The NECB study area includes the Kennebec, Androscoggin, Saco, Merrimack, Charles, and Blackstone River Basins, as well as all of Cape Cod (Robinson and others, 2002).
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Bedrock units in the NECB study area are classified into 38 lithogeochemical units based on the relative reactivity of their constituent minerals to dissolution and the presence of carbonate or sulfide minerals. The 38 lithogeochemical units are generalized into the following seven major groups:
carbonate-bearing metasedimentary rocks;